A Field Study on the Use of Clay Ceramic Water Filters and Influences on the General Health in Nigeria

109-790-1-PB.pdf
Anand PLAPPALLY1, 3,*, Haoqian CHEN1,2, Wasiu AYINDE4, Samson ALAYANDE4, Andrew USORO1,7, Katie C. FRIEDMAN1,2, Enoch DARE4, Taiwo OGUNYALE6, Ismaiel YAKUB1,6
Megan LEFTWICH5, Karen MALATESTA2, Ron RIVERA8, Larry BROWN3, Alfred SOBOYEJO3
and Winston SOBOYEJO1,5

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109-790-1-PB.pdf

Abstract
Field study and surveys were conducted to evaluate interdisciplinary parameters influencing the health of people using ceramic filters for water purification. A total of 52 families were distributed with filters at Eweje Village, Odeda local government area, Ogun State, Nigeria. Surveys contained questions related to hygiene, health, water source and treatment, socio-economic and educational status of people and their use of clay ceramic water filters. Several parameters were studied including time of use of water filter, maintainability, education, societal economics, and social the status of the people using the filters. There was interdependence between these parameters. Health of the Eweje village community was greatly influenced by the number of people using the filter, the time of filter usage, education, maintainability, access to medical facilities, and economic status. A novel multi parameter multivariate regression approach clearly enumerates the hierarchy of the effects of the influencing variables on the health of Eweje community. Apart from population and time of filter use, access to medical services also influenced health of this rural community.
Key words: Rural, Health, Water, Filters, Education, Regression, Africa

Anand PLAPPALLY1, 3,*, Haoqian CHEN1,2, Wasiu AYINDE4, Samson ALAYANDE4, Andrew USORO1,7, Katie C. FRIEDMAN1,2, Enoch DARE4, Taiwo OGUNYALE6, Ismaiel YAKUB1,6
Megan LEFTWICH5, Karen MALATESTA2, Ron RIVERA8, Larry BROWN3, Alfred SOBOYEJO3
and Winston SOBOYEJO1,5

1Princeton Institute of Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM), 70 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA;
2Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University, Olden Street, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
3FABE Department, The Ohio State University, 590 Woody Hayes Drive, Columbus, OH 43210, USA;
4University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, Africa;
5Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton NJ, 08544, USA;
6Eweje Village, Nigerian Ministry of Health, Federal Government of Nigeria, Africa;
7Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
8Potters for Peace, Ceramic Water Filter Program, Managua, Nicaragua;
Received: 29.10.2010 Accepted: 22.2.1011 Published: 19.5.2011

 

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