Arabian Journal of Chemistry

Arabian Journal of Chemistry

Volume 3, Issue 4, October 2010, Pages 271-277
open access
Arabian Journal of Chemistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Characterization and assessment of Saudi clays raw material at different area

Open Access funded by King Saud University
Under a Creative Commons license

Abstract

The general characteristics of three types of clays obtained from the different locations in Saudi Arabia have been investigated. These clays were compared with those of pure kaolin samples. Clays were analyzed by DTA, TGA, SEM, X-ray diffraction, chemical composition (XRF) and optical properties. Three clays are white clay (WC), red clay (RC) from Jeddah area and grey clay (GC) from Elmadina area. The comparison made with Spain clay as pure kaoline (KA). The clays contain kaolinite, illite, montmorillonite and quartz. Quartz is present in every class and varies between 45% and 20%. Montmorillonite is found mainly in the WC (50%) and are lacking only in sample RC and GC. Another important aspect with respect to the chemical composition of the clays is the low amounts of Na2O and K2O. The clay deposits (WC, RC, and GC) are suitable for use in industrial ceramics due to the low whiteness, high yellowness and high content of impurities as montmorillonite and iron. This is an important technological aspect that renders possible use of clay RC and GC in the fabrication of products with a cream tonality, especially in roofing tiles and rustic floor tiles. The results also, showed that the studied clays have adequate characteristics for ceramics wall, floor, roof tiles, tableware, earthenware and brick fabrication.

Keywords

Clays
Characterization
XRD
XRF
DTA
SEM
Color

Available online 17 June 2010